International Conferences on Kyusei Nature Farming

The International Conference on Kyusei Nature Farming was held seven times in seven continents/regions.  The objectives of the conferences were to introduce, promote and spread the concept of Kyusei Nature Farming (presently Nature Farming) and the technology of Effective Microorganisms (EM) in the world.

The first conference was held in Thailand in 1989, and the last one in New Zealand in 2002.  Since then, we have been conducting extension activities of Nature Farming and EM technology with our cooperative organizations in various countries.  Nature Farming is now known to many people around the world.  Information on Nature Farming is distributed to more than 50 countries in the world through the APNAN office in Bangkok, Thailand.

Proceedings of the International Conferences


1st Conference

October 1989, Khon Kaen, Thailand

201 participants from 13 countries

SESSIONS (Click to Open)

SESSION I. Opening Ceremony

Background Report
T. Santawisuk

Opening Address
C. Kanchanakool

Welcome Address
N. Thongsopit

SESSION VI. Conclusions and Recommendations of Working Groups

State of the Art of Kyusei Nature Farming
H. Myer and T.C. Mendoza

Research Needs and Priorities
H.A.H. Sharifuddin and U.R. Sangakkara

Networking and Linkages
S. Watcharotayan, H.S. Singh, and S. Katupitiya


Asia-Pacific Natural Agriculture Network

2nd Conference

October 1991, Sao Paulo, Brazil

83 participants from 17 countries

SESSIONS (Click to Open)

SESSION VIII. Conclusions and Recommendations of Working Groups – Needs and Priorities

Research Needs and Priorities
A.A. Franco and H.A.H. Sharifuddin

Extension and Technology Transfer
A.R. Chowdhury, L.A. de Souza, and E. Spinosa

Education and Training
N.A. Febles

SESSION IX. Closing Address: Comments on the Proposed Kyusei Foundation for Distribution of EM

3rd Conference

October 1993, California, U.S.A.

225 participants from 16 countries

SESSIONS (Click to Open)

SESSION VII. Poster Presentations: Research on Effective Microorganisms and Sustainable Agriculture

4th Conference

June 1995, Paris, France

169 participants from 24 countries

SESSIONS (Click to Open)

SESSION X. Closing Addresses: Future Perspectives on Effective Microorganisms and Sustainable Agriculture

5th Conference

October 1997, Bangkok, Thailand

86 participants from 29 countries

SESSIONS (Click to Open)

SESSION V. Animal Production and Integrated Farming with EM
SESSION VIII. Kyusei Nature Farming and EM in Sustainable Environments

Environmental Tuning of Agriculture in the Netherlands
J.V. Bruchem, E.L. Lantinga, J. Overvest and J.P.M. Jorink

Purification of Waste Water with Effective Microorganisms and its Utilization in Agriculture
A. Okuda and T. Higa

Preliminary Results of Effective Microorganisms (EM) Application in Vietnam
N.Q. Thach, C.A. Long, V.V. Liet, N.V. Trung, N.X. Thanh, T.V. Dich, N. Duong, N.K. Tuan, L.T.H. Xuan and P.V. Dan

6th Conference

October 1999, Pretoria, South Africa

156 participants from 36 countries

SESSIONS (Click to Open)

SESSION IV. Sustainable Agriculture and Environmental Development through Kyusei Nature Farming
SESSION VIII. Expansion of Kyusei Nature Farming and EM Technology in the World
OTHERS. Abstracts of Posters

Effective Micro-organisms in dairy farming – A case study
W.W. Sikkema and B. Sikkema

Effective Micro-organisms in the Agriculture of Holland
F. van den Ham

Effect of EMx foliar sprays on antioxidant defense systems in plans
T. Shimoji and T. Higa

Role of Effective Micro-organisms in maintaining soil quality – A case study
U.R. Sangakkara and C.S. Kandapola

Comparison of Effective Micro-organisms and phosphate fertilizer in developing degraded mine lands
M. Wood, D. Mosby and M. Doolan

New Zealand Nature Farming Society – Its role in the adoption of EM in New Zealand
R. Donaghy, T. Mallard, L. Mallard, T. Chamberlain and M. Daly

Combinations of EM and Other Microbial Products – Potentials for the Future
A. Ive

Impact of Foliar Application of Effective Micro-organisms on Frenchbeans
S.P. Nissanka and U.R. Sangakkara

Adoption of EM Technology in Cotton and Other Crop Based Enterprises in America
J.M. Phillips

Flower and Fruit Dehiscence of Irrigated Papaya
P.R. Chagas and H. Tokeshi

Effect of Calcium on Yield of Papaya in Conventional and Organic Systems
P.R. Chagas and H. Tokeshi

Plant Growth as Affected by Chemical Fertilizers or EM Bokashi
T. Kinjo, C.D.S. Rodrigues, E. de Almeida and M.A.G. Ramos

Sustainable Agriculture with EM Technology – A Case Study in Pakistan
T. Hussain, M. Anwar Haq, I. Ahmed, T.I. Ali and M.H. Zia

Development of Clean Piggeries with EM Technology
Y. Ni and W. Li

EM and its Effects on Citrus
A.M. Primavesi

Application of EM and Other Nutrient Sources on Rice and Wheat – A Case Study
K.K. Sherchand

Effective Micro-organisms – its Efficacy in Soil Improvement and Crop Growth
S.P. Yadav

Ecological Control of Powdery and Downy Mildew in Vineyards
V. Robotic, R. Bosancic and M. Mojic

Integrated Systems for Waste Management in Africa
W.J. Meyer

Influence of EM on the Health of Sheep
A.D. Anjum and T. Hussain

Development of the Technology of Effective Micro-organisms in the Czech Republic
F. Zabrana

Practical Use of Effective Micro-organisms in Austria
C. Greinocker

The Technology of Effective Microorganisms in South China
R. Ohmura, H. Umemura and M. Adachi

Extension Strategies for EM – A Step Towards Nature Farming
M. Khoso

The Effect of EM4, EMx and Magnetized Water on Plant Nutrition and Magnetic Emanations
A. Primavesi

Evaluation of Treating Waste Water with Effective Microorganisms for Use in a Solar Aquatic Facility in Montana, USA
M.T. Wood and P. Farelly

Effects of EM Bokashi Supplementation on Feed Efficiency and Serum Metabolism in Broiler Chicken
S. Sun and K.H. Lee

The Technology of Effective Microorganisms – Testing and Adoption in Vietnam
N.Q. Thach

The Technology of Effective Microorganisms in Hawaii – Developments and Prospects
H. Nago

Promotion of Organic Farming in Rural Developments Projects in India
J.N. Daniel

The Effect of EM on the Production of Wood Chip Compost
C. Neuhs and J. Phillips

Adoption of EM Technology in Large Scale Livestock Operations in the USA
J.M. Phillips

Development of Effective Micro-organisms in Austria
U. Hader

7th Conference

January 2002, Christchurch, New Zealand

231 participants from 30 countries

SESSIONS (Click to Open)

SESSION I. Crop Production through Kyusei Nature Farming

Oral Presentations

Effects of Foliar Application with Effective Microorganisms on Leaf Metabolism and Seed Yield in Soybean
S.S. Yue, C.P. Wang, H.L. Xu and J.Y. Dai

Investigations into the Effect of Effective Microorganisms and Organic Amendments on Sugar Cane Production in South Africa
J.F. Prinsloo, P.L. de Jager and B.J. Lienberg

Rice Production with Effective Microorganisms: Impact on Rice and Soil
R.G. Corales and T. Higa

Nitrogen Dynamics, Growth and Yield of a Cereal Legume Intercopping System as Affected by Effective Microorganisms and Kyusei Nature Farming
U.R. Sangakkara

EM Application Studies on a Low Organic Matter Soil in India
J.N. Daniel, P.S. Takawale, V.K. Kauthale and P.K. Kulkarni

Poster Presentations (Abstracts)

EM Technology Integrated into an Intensive Organic Garden – A Case Study Demonstrating NZ Methods EM-Bokashi, FPE and EM5 for Effect and Efficient Production
D. Johnston

Effects of Spraying Effective Microorganisms (EM) on Senescence in the Flag Leaf of Spring Wheat (Triticum aestivum)
S.S. Yue, C.P. Wang, H.L. Xu and J.Y. Dai

Integrated Use of Effective Microorganisms (EM) with Organic and Inorganic Nutrient Sources for Maximum Wheat, Cotton and Corn Production
T. Hussain, M. Anwar-ul-Haq and S.H. Shah

Breeding of Crop Cultivars Suitable for Nature Farming
S. Nakano

From Plant to Palate: Identifying the Potential for EM in the Australian Wine and Olive Industries
J.R. Sabine

Impact of Bokashi Application on the Growth and Yield of Sesamum indicum
N. Jayasinghe

Impact of EM on the Growth and Yield of American Oyster Mushroom
H.D.C.N. Thilakaratne

Effect of EM on Growth and Yield of Crops
O Ch.M., Ho Ch.S., Ri O.S., and Yang S.H.

Effective Microorganisms – Its Use in Vegetable Production System of the Philippines
S.P. Milagrosa

The Effect of EM1 on Banana, Mango and Grapes
M. Riad and E.L. Belatus

Effects of Microbial Inoculant (EM-Bokashi) on Germination, Seedling Growth and Nodulation of Albizia procera (Roxb) in the Nursery
S.R. Pandey, M.A.U. Mridha and M.K. Hossain

The Influence of EM – F.P.E. on the Yields of Phung Sticky Rice, VNL4 Maize and Haricot Bean
Thai Duy Ninh and Nguyen Kieu Lien